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The planet, the environment, war


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The planet, the environment, war

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  #1 (permalink)
 aquarian1 
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The girl who silenced the world for 5 minutes - YouTube
(6:42 mins:secs)

notice how few delegates are in the room for this young ladies talk.

Her powerful message has more value the the hot air of our "leaders".

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 Zondor 
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Along with group members Michelle Quigg, Vanessa Suttil, and Morgan Geisler, Cullis-Suzuki presented environmental issues from a youth perspective at the summit, where she was applauded for a speech to the delegates.[4][5] The video has since become a viral hit, popularly known as "The Girl Who Silenced the World for 6 Minutes"[6].


Severn Cullis-Suzuki - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

The speech was made in 1993 and things have gotten steadily worse since then.

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 aquarian1 
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Imagine Connie Talbot
Imagine by Connie Talbot [with lyrics] - YouTube

imagine, iamgine, i am genie, we are genie, together to create.

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 aquarian1 
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LOL foxtrade!

I'll wait until we learn how to keep our babies to two or less per couple, replant the forests we have cut and turned to desert, .... etc, etc,.

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 aquarian1 
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  • 70% of all the fish in the ocean are gone
  • 50% of the world's forests are gone
  • the Amazon is still being destroyed at a rate of the size of Belgium each year
  • Madagascar has been almost completely deforested
  • millions of acres of arable land are being lost to desert each year (China and Africa)
  • Russia flares so much natural gas that from the shuttle it is visible.
  • toxic waste is being dumped in the oceans and the fine is only $25,000
  • they still allow dragnet trawling
  • Japanese herd dolphins into a bay and slaughter them alive filling the water full of blood
  • Chicken hatcheries confine the birds so tightly in cages that to keep them from pecking themselves to death (i.e. committing suicide) they cut off the beaks -incredibly painful and they grind up the male chicks alive.
  • veal comes from baby calves that are never allowed to move or see sunlight.
  • we have released so much CO2 into the atmosphere that the oceans are turning to carbonic acid which dissolves the coral reefs - nurseries of the ocean.
...
the list goes on and on..
..
one third - yes one third of all gasoline consumed by vehicles is from unnecessary idling. It causes more wear on your engine to idle it for 30 seconds while parked then to turn it off and on - not to mention the gas - so turn off your engine when you stop your car or are stuck in a traffic jam and go into the store.

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 jdella 
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aquarian1 View Post
  • 70% of all the fish in the ocean are gone
  • 50% of the world's forests are gone
  • the Amazon is still being destroyed at a rate of the size of Belgium each year
  • Madagascar has been almost completely deforested
  • millions of acres of arable land are being lost to desert each year (China and Africa)
  • Russia flares so much natural gas that from the shuttle it is visible.
  • toxic waste is being dumped in the oceans and the fine is only $25,000
  • they still allow dragnet trawling
  • Japanese herd dolphins into a bay and slaughter them alive filling the water full of blood
  • Chicken hatcheries confine the birds so tightly in cages that to keep them from pecking themselves to death (i.e. committing suicide) they cut off the beaks -incredibly painful and they grind up the male chicks alive.
  • veal comes from baby calves that are never allowed to move or see sunlight.
  • we have released so much CO2 into the atmosphere that the oceans are turning to carbonic acid which dissolves the coral reefs - nurseries of the ocean.
...
the list goes on and on..
..
one third - yes one third of all gasoline consumed by vehicles is from unnecessary idling. It causes more wear on your engine to idle it for 30 seconds while parked then to turn it off and on - not to mention the gas - so turn off your engine when you stop your car or are stuck in a traffic jam and go into the store.

Wow, those are mind boggling stats.

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 Gabriyele 
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 aquarian1 
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jdella View Post
Wow, those are mind boggling stats.

Yes - of course only the tip of the iceberg.

So much mercury in the Pacific ocean that pregnant women are advise not to eat it and everyone else no more than once per week (or reading between the lines.. never). When you consider the vastness of the oceans size 70% of the surface area of the planet - it's really saying something.

The Chinese have been building dirty coal plant at an alarming rate (was 50 per week) with little in the way of scrubbers etc. and a few elite Chinese getting very rich off the cheap electricity. Coal is one of the major sources of mercury pollution.

(btw the compact florescent light have mercury in them so if you use them - which I do not recommend - do not throw them in the garbage!! The have to go to stores that promise to send them to special recycling facilities Home Hardware is one. Do they get to the special facilities? Do the facilities release a lot of pollution in recycling them? I don't know.)

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  #9 (permalink)
 aquarian1 
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Hi Gabriyele

Thank-you for that beautiful, beautiful song.

"It's been a long, long time but change is com'n"

---
Unfortunately not soon enough to save our beautiful planet I fear. Our earth that is on life support mutilated and tortured while humans are pulling out the plug.







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 kbit 
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aquarian1 View Post
  • 70% of all the fish in the ocean are gone
  • 50% of the world's forests are gone
  • the Amazon is still being destroyed at a rate of the size of Belgium each year
  • Madagascar has been almost completely deforested
  • millions of acres of arable land are being lost to desert each year (China and Africa)
  • Russia flares so much natural gas that from the shuttle it is visible.
  • toxic waste is being dumped in the oceans and the fine is only $25,000
  • they still allow dragnet trawling
  • Japanese herd dolphins into a bay and slaughter them alive filling the water full of blood
  • Chicken hatcheries confine the birds so tightly in cages that to keep them from pecking themselves to death (i.e. committing suicide) they cut off the beaks -incredibly painful and they grind up the male chicks alive.
  • veal comes from baby calves that are never allowed to move or see sunlight.
  • we have released so much CO2 into the atmosphere that the oceans are turning to carbonic acid which dissolves the coral reefs - nurseries of the ocean.
...
the list goes on and on..
..
one third - yes one third of all gasoline consumed by vehicles is from unnecessary idling. It causes more wear on your engine to idle it for 30 seconds while parked then to turn it off and on - not to mention the gas - so turn off your engine when you stop your car or are stuck in a traffic jam and go into the store.

Don't want to pick a fight but who counted the fish to determine 70% are gone....and I don't buy one third of gasoline is consumed by idling(among other things I was a ASE mechanic).
At the risk of offending my Asian friends the Chinese and the Japanese are the worst of the bunch....they still buy rhino horns, elephant tusks, whale meat, and just want the gall bladders from black bears...and on and on. Basically they won't stop until what they want is extinct.

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 aquarian1 
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kbit View Post
Don't want to pick a fight but who counted the fish to determine 70% are gone....and I don't buy one third of gasoline is consumed by idling(among other things I was a ASE mechanic).
At the risk of offending my Asian friends the Chinese and the Japanese are the worst of the bunch....they still buy rhino horns, elephant tusks, whale meat, and just want the gall bladders from black bears...and on and on. Basically they won't stop until what they want is extinct.

Well naturally I'm just quoting a stat that I read. The source - which I may have in my clipping file is Popular Science. They are bit on details - especially on environmental matters - more sound bites. However, 2 years ago I was talking with some guys in the gym who were fishermen and training for an exam. In anycase the more senior of the two confirmed the dragnet trawling - awful stuff. and then when I mentioned the 70% stat he said well it may be worse than that. The South China sea is devoid of fish stocks.

I would imagine the 70% would be from sampling done by researchers and also information from commerical fishing statistics. With statistics as you know, once you get enough sample size the difference between the estimate and the actual is extremely small. The 70% number is a few years old and it would be worst now. Recent Pop Sci article talked about the carbonic acid build up and there are hot zones that are so acid there are no fish. (If I get time I'll did up the link if you ask for it to pop sci back issues.)

Of course as you realize the stat, and all stats, are descriptive. The point is that if you cross the tipping point you may wipe out "all" fish kill the ocean. The ocean is the heart of the ecosystem vital for life on the planet - air, temp, etc. 66%, 70% 76% - it doesn't matter to the essence of the situation. It is way, way, way too much

Most people just have no clue how bad things are.

Because I have follow environmental issues for so many, many years, I don't even know where to begin.
If I say too much then they mentally scream "I don't want to know" - and switch the conversation to the Dogers game.

Most people's knowledge is pathetic - but the painful part is they don't really care. It not like they are trying to learn and find out.

re Chinese: yes totally disgusting. They totally wiped out their entire tiger population for "medicine" (old limp man, eat groundup tiger bone you be strong and hard and viral like young tiger in bed - ha ha wink-wink. disgusting!!!).
Then because their stock of tiger bones is gone they send their hencmen to the wildlife preserves in India and bribe a dirt-poor starving farmer to go and poison a tiger on the preserve and bring them the bones.

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 aquarian1 
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kbit View Post
Don't want to pick a fight ...and I don't buy one third of gasoline is consumed by idling(among other things I was a ASE mechanic).

actually sounds like you are picking a fight

you can easily go to the dept of energy website and find out about it.

You distract the conversion from the central theme.
This is called taking the conversation down the alley and mugging it.

What's the point? Are you trying to avoid the reality of how bad things are? Are you arguing just for the sake of arguing??????

Do you think I get paid to post?

I did not make it up - it is true. Go to the website and then come back to this thread and show us all what you found.
Don't be lazy and irresponsible.

The environment is not just another conversation.


I expect the info from you - some work on your part -- posted here with your apology!!

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I did not make it up - it is true. Go to the website and then come back to this thread and show us all what you found.
Don't be lazy and irresponsible.

The internet is true! And so is Al Gore!!

To be fair, I don't agree with ignorant societies consuming Rhino horn, etc. but let's get serious. Most environmental science is junk science, as more experts are now finding out. Sure, let's take care of the Earth. I hunt and fish and enjoy the outdoors and nature but there is such a thing as taking it WAYYYY too far.

Dan

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 kbit 
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aquarian1 View Post
actually sounds like you are picking a fight

you can easily go to the dept of energy website and find out about it.

You distract the conversion from the central theme.
This is called taking the conversation down the alley and mugging it.

What's the point? Are you trying to avoid the reality of how bad things are? Are you arguing just for the sake of arguing??????

Do you think I get paid to post?

I did not make it up - it is true. Go to the website and then come back to this thread and show us all what you found.
Don't be lazy and irresponsible.

The environment is not just another conversation.


I expect the info from you - some work on your part -- posted here with your apology!!

I really don't want to fight but the 33% is totally bogus. some of what you say I would agree with it's just that when an environmentalist starts rattling of stats they most always are exaggerated and it undermines thier credibility

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 aquarian1 
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I'm behind the work to i need to do today so I'll make this short:
Forum trolls get lost!!!!!!


  • Forum trolls wander around the board looking for places they can provoke and hoping to get the other fellow's dander up.
  • They never bother to contribute anything positive or helpful.
  • They never put any work or research behind their argumentative assertions.
  • They are low-life energy leaches that enjoy hijacking threads and also taking a conversation done the alley to mug it.

They don't care, they don't have moral courage and they never do any work or post any support for the provoke one-liners. If you challenge them to do so they ignore it and continue trying to bait you.

They are evil and negative energy people who will always play "devils advocate".

They are the opposite of pay it forward.


Start your own thread where you pick pointless arguments.

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 aquarian1 
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aquarian1 View Post
I'm behind the work to i need to do today so I'll make this short:
Forum trolls get lost!!!!!!

Hi,

Please do not post something like this again. If you have...

- A problem with a user - use the ignore user option
- A problem with a post - use the report post option

By writing a post like you have above, it just makes things worse.

Mike

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 aquarian1 
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Thank-you Mike.

message received.

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 aquarian1 
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Idling Myths & Facts | LEaP

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 aquarian1 
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Idling Your Car

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 aquarian1 
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Why do Canadians idle?

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 aquarian1 
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Wisconsin Partners for Clean Air: Eco-Driving and Driving Behavior

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 aquarian1 
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Anti-idling - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

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 aquarian1 
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Idling FAQ

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Doing Our Share for Cleaner Air: Idling Reduction


Doing Our Share for Cleaner Air: Idling Reduction: Chicago’s New Anti-Idling Law
City Council recently amended the City’s traffic code to limit standing (idling) of on-road diesel-powered vehicles within the City’s borders to a total of three (3) minutes within a sixty-minute period. The new idling limit will not only improve air quality, but will also result in fuel conservation. Reasons for the ordinance are:

Air Pollution

The City of Chicago is located in a US Environmental Protection Agency designated non-attainment area for particulate matter and ozone. Chicago is a hub for trucking, rail and marine transportation and relies on diesel-powered vehicles and equipment to provide critical services within the City. These diesel-powered vehicles perform crucial work in order to sustain our economy but are also a significant contributor to air pollution in the Chicago region. Unnecessary idling causes the release of a variety of pollutants, such as nitrogen oxides, carbon monoxide, carbon dioxide, particulate matter and other chemicals that form ground-level ozone and contribute to global warming. These pollutants aggravate respiratory ailments, cause lung damage, and lead to cancer. Read more about diesel exhaust health concerns from the US Environmental Protection Agency.

Wasted Fuel and Money

Idling wastes fuel and money. When idling, a typical diesel-powered truck burns almost a gallon of fuel per hour. Drivers that eliminate unnecessary idling can save significant dollars in fuel costs each year. For instance, by not idling 30 minutes a day for one year, a truck driver saves 125 gallons of diesel and therefore approximately $374 in fuel costs (assuming a diesel fuel price of $2.99 per gallon)—while also preventing at least 101 pounds of air pollution and 2,775 pounds of carbon dioxide from entering the atmosphere.
To estimate how much you can save by idling less use Argonne National Laboratory’s Idling Calculator.
Engine Wear-and-Tear
Idling myths and driver habits lead to unnecessary vehicle idling. The fact is extended idling causes engine damage. Diesel engines were designed to operate at peak efficiency running wide open. At low idle, the cylinder temperature drops causing incomplete combustion which leads to carbon build up on the valves. Engine manufacturers generally recommend that drivers limit idling.
  • Caterpillar Inc. cautions drivers to "... Avoid excess idling. If the vehicle is parked for more than five minutes, stop the engine. Excessive idling can cause carbon buildup and/or excessive idling can cause the engine to ‘slobber’. This is harmful to the engine."
  • IC Corporation's engine manual states that "...Excessive idling reduces fuel economy, and may decrease oil life."
  • Cummins Inc. suggests idling for only three to five minutes before operating with a load.

Who Is Enforcing the Law?
The idling law can be enforced by the Department of Environment (DOE), the Office of Emergency Management and Communications (OEMC)’s traffic control aides, the Department of Revenue (DOR)’s parking enforcement aides, and the Police Department.
What is the Penalty?
The penalty for violating the excessive standing code is $250 per violation.

Exemptions

The goal of the ordinance is to reduce unnecessary idling; thus, there are certain exemptions from the three (3) minute limit. A complete list of exemptions can be found in the ordinance and include:
  • Authorized emergency vehicles
  • Vehicles standing in traffic
  • Vehicles running when the outdoor air temperature is below 32 degrees or above 80 degrees Fahrenheit, for the operator’s or passengers’ safety
  • Vehicles standing with the engine running to operate auxiliary equipment

The Ordinance
The ordinance is in section 9-80-095 of the Chicago Municipal Code.

City of Chicago Vehicle Idling Management Policy:

The City of Chicago's Vehicle Idling Management Policy limits idling of municipal vehicles to 3 minutes, with certain exceptions. This policy applies to all non-emergency City vehicles, whether powered by gasoline, diesel, or alternative fuels.
Click here to view the Vehicle Idling Management Policy .

Related Links

National Idling Reduction Network News
The National Idling Reduction Network brings together trucking and transit companies; railroads; ports; equipment manufacturers; Federal, state, and local government agencies; nonprofit organizations; and national research laboratories to identify consistent, workable solutions to heavy-vehicle idling for the entire United States.

State of Illinois Law Limiting Idling
Illinois State statute 625 ILCS 5/11‑1429 prohibits diesel vehicles of more than 8,000 pounds (heavy-duty trucks and buses) from idling for more than ten minutes per hour when they are parked. The State law applies in areas of the State of Illinois that do not meet federal air quality standards.

Excessive Visible Emissions Regulation
Another recent amendment the City’s traffic code is to section 9-76-140 regarding exhaust systems. The penalty for operating a vehicle that is generating excessive amounts of visible emissions from the exhaust pipe is $100 per violation.

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 aquarian1 
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https://www.thetfordvermont.us/…inutes/Vehicle%20Idling%20Q&A.pdf

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 aquarian1 
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I pick up garbage for the city.
As a Level 1 Sanitary Engineer I can tell you that I don't buy into the crap that compact floursesent bulds have mercury in them.

why we use to eat them for breakfast!

"I wore onions on my belt , as was the fasion of the time" - Grampa Simpson

-----
In 1980, Philips introduced its model SL, which was a screw-in lamp with integral ballast. The lamp used a folded T4 tube, stable tri-color phosphors, and a mercury amalgam. This was the first successful screw-in replacement for an incandescent lamp. In 1985 Osram started selling its model EL lamp, which was the first CFL to include an electronic ballast. [8]

Compact fluorescent lamp - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

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 aquarian1 
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Stop Idling! Go Green! Save on Fuel Costs! Save Wear & Tear on Your Car! Celebrate Earth Day! - The Kelly Car Community


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 aquarian1 
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www1.eere.energy.gov/…pdfs/idling_news/dec08_network_news.pdf

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 aquarian1 
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https://www.nyc.gov/html/records/pdf/govpub/760busidling.pdf

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 forrestang 
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If I ever won the lottery, my plan is to purchase a private jet, and have it sitting on the runway idling 24 hours a day.

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The following isn't about anything environmental, just about my observations from working on, and being around cars since I was about 8 years old. I also did it semi-professionally during various times in my life when I was in high school for a shop.

It was mentioned that idling your engine is worse for your car than starting/restarting it. I believe this is really false. Starting your car is actually one of the harshest things you can do to an engine.

When you start the engine, that is really a bad time for it. That is the most likely time to have bearing surfaces rubbing together without any type of lubrication. It actually takes a second or two for oil to leave the sump, make their way through bearing passages and get to places they need to get to.

In the meantime, you have metals surfaces without oil on them, actually making contact where a coating of oil would normally stop them from making full contact. This is BAD for your engine.

Have you guys ever heard an older car during startup? That is the time when you are more likely to 'hear' metal on metal sounds that will go away after about 2-3 seconds. You can actually HEAR the metal grinding against itself.

Also on the starter motor, they'll usually last forever when cycled 1-2 times per day. But the idea that you would cycle one with the frequency to save from idling in rush hour traffic would really kill them quick. Not that they are an expensive item, but eletric motors are not generally made to be cycled so many times.

Starter motors are very, very high torque, quick spinning devices. They are designed to work really hard for very short durations. Couple that with them not being equipped with any type of counter measures to stave off heat, and you've got a recipe for showing them to a quick grave by cycling them over and over in repeated fashion. They just weren't made to function in that form.

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IAW management directives forrestang post has been reported and place up my ignore list

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Michael Coffman -- Is a Carbon Currency the Endgame? Part 1

"
Carbon Currency
The idea for a carbon currency has been around since the 1930s under the banner of Technocracy. Technocracy is a world run by scientists and experts, not elected officials. Early proponents of this model even wanted F.D. Roosevelt set up as a dictator, not elected as a president. They claim Technocracy brings economic freedom, but it will actually bring the exact opposite. Financial analyst explains:
Carbon Currency will be based on the regular allocation of available energy to the people of the world. If not used within a period of time, the Currency will expire (like monthly minutes on your cell phone plan) so that the same people can receive a new allocation based on new energy production quotas for the next period. Because the energy supply chain is already dominated by the global elite, setting energy production quotas will limit the amount of Carbon Currency in circulation at any one time. It will also naturally limit manufacturing, food production and people movement.
A carbon currency must depend on a finite supply of fossil fuel so that it can be strictly controlled by technocrats. Since the founding of Technocracy, every generation has been taught the “peak oil” theory; i.e. the world only has “x” number of years before the earth’s oil is depleted. There is a problem with this theory, however. More oil is discovered every year. In fact, enough oil and gas exist in shale oil formations in Colorado, Utah and Wyoming to be energy independent for several hundred years with current technology and oil prices. [1]
This bonanza of energy had to be restricted if carbon currency was to become a reality. That could explain why fear mongering of global warming continues to escalate even when there is no empirical evidence to show that man is causing it. Recent NASA research has clearly shown the climate models grossly overestimate warming. Yet, the hue and cry to reduce CO2 emissions continues to increase. That is exactly what the EPA is doing."

"Every moment I wake up I realize I know nothing, and then I smile..." zt379
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  • 70% of all the fish in the ocean are gone
  • 50% of the world's forests are gone
  • the Amazon is still being destroyed at a rate of the size of Belgium each year
  • Madagascar has been almost completely deforested
  • millions of acres of arable land are being lost to desert each year (China and Africa)
  • Russia flares so much natural gas that from the shuttle it is visible.
  • toxic waste is being dumped in the oceans and the fine is only $25,000
  • they still allow dragnet trawling
  • Japanese herd dolphins into a bay and slaughter them alive filling the water full of blood
  • Chicken hatcheries confine the birds so tightly in cages that to keep them from pecking themselves to death (i.e. committing suicide) they cut off the beaks -incredibly painful and they grind up the male chicks alive.
  • veal comes from baby calves that are never allowed to move or see sunlight.
  • we have released so much CO2 into the atmosphere that the oceans are turning to carbonic acid which dissolves the coral reefs - nurseries of the ocean.
...
the list goes on and on..
..

... death penalty still well alive in some "civilized" countries. Better not be the wrong colour, the wrong time, the wrong place, in the wrong state....

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 Gabriyele 
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Question Everything!!!! Very-Very Informative!!



Peter is an incredible researcher!

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Europe pleases markets with plan to reduce Greece's debt but now it has to implement it - Yahoo! News

Vietnam Rhino Is Now Extinct, Officials Report
LiveScience.comLiveScience.com – 8 hours ago

saggy dick? kill a rhino

A rhinoceros killed for its horn last year in Vietnam is now considered to have been the last of its subspecies.

Scientists from the World Wildlife Fund reported Monday (Oct. 25) that they and their partners have analyzed the DNA from 22 dung samples collected in Vietnam since April 2010, when the animal was killed, and found that they all belonged to that single rhino, confirming this type of wild Javan rhino is now extinct.

The rhinoceros was found dead in Cat Tien National Park in April 2010 with a bullet in its leg and its horn removed.

Rhino horn

Loss of habitat, combined with poaching for the animals' horns, has driven many Asian rhino species to the brink of extinction, the WWF says. The rhino horn is used in China and Vietnam to treat typhoid fever, convulsions and other disorders after it is ground into a powder and dissolved in boiling water. An upsurge in demand for it in Vietnam has been linked to a rumor that it can also cure cancer, the researchers said.

However, according to the American College of Traditional Chinese Medicine and the Council of Colleges of Acupuncture and Oriental Medicine, there is no scientific evidence that rhino horn has any medicinal value, the researchers noted.

Endangered rhinos

The Javan rhino, or lesser one-horned rhinoceros, looks similar to the closely related greater one-horned rhinoceros, but it has a much smaller head, a slightly smaller overall size, and looser, less-apparent skin folds, according to the WWF.

The remaining Javan rhino population is confined to fewer than 50 in Ujung Kulon National Park on the Indonesian island of Java, the researchers say. This subspecies of Javan rhino is called Rhinoceros sondaicus sondaicus, while the Vietnamese Javan rhinoceros was referred to as Rhinoceros sondaicus annamiticus.

"For the Javan rhino, we now have to focus entirely on one site in Indonesia, where strengthened protection is needed along with fast-tracking the proposed translocation and habitat management," said Barney Long, the WWF's Asian species expert.

The WWF and its partners plan to evaluate the possibility of translocating rhinos from Ujung Kulon National Park to establish a new population in other habitat over the next few years.

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 aquarian1 
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Very true Gabrieyle!

Thanks for the video.

Sadly they don't need to use mercury in vaccines to preserve them - there are lots of safe choices.

Reading "Cure for all diseases" is a real eye-opener. This the author was far ahead of her time and the death and disease establishment (aka medical). Very worthwhile book and covers the dangers of floride, mercury, lead etc. etc.

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The Truth About the New Light Bulb Law | Green
By Sarah B. Weir







Old bulb, new bulbOn January 1, 2012 a law phasing out standard 100-watt incandescent bulbs will go into effect. However, it won't be the bulb apocalypse that some detractors have been warning of. In short: the notion that incandescent bulbs will no longer be available is a myth. Nor will you be forced to buy Compact Fluroescent Lightbulbs ( CFLs ). "You will still be able to buy incandescents," Noah Horowitz , senior scientist at the Natural Resources Defense Council (NRDC) , told Yahoo! Shine. "The only difference being that the new and improved ones are more efficient."

Related: Samsung Introduces Advanced LED Light Bulbs to Brighten U.S. Households with Energy Efficient, Natural-looking Light

The new incandescent bulbs operate and look just like the old-fashioned bulbs that you are used to-they have the same shape and base design. And, according to Horowitz, most people won't notice any difference in the color or quality of light. What is different is that they have an improved filament design, which makes them 28% more efficient as the law requires. So, when you are bulb shopping for replacements for your old 100-watt incandescents, look for new ones labeled "72-watt soft white." Sylvania , Philips , and GE all make similar versions.

The Federal Trade Commission has revised its labeling requirements for most light bulb packages, which might initially cause some confusion. All new bulbs will be labeled prominently with lumens in addition to watts. Watts measure power used, lumens measure the amount of light emitted. Since CFLs, LEDs and other types of bulbs vary in wattage, the most accurate way to look for new efficient bulbs that give off the same amount of light you are used to and prefer is by lumens. The approximate equivalents for old standard incandescents are:

40 watts=450 lumens60 watts = 800 lumens75 watts = 1100 lumens100 watts= 1600 lumens

The new light bulbs do cost more, but will save you money over their lifetime. On average, a new incandescent bulb will cost $1 to $2 compared to 25 cents. That may seem like a big jump, but the NRDC estimates that you will actually save $3 to $3.50 over the life of each bulb--which means they pay for themselves. The average homeowner using all efficient lighting will save $100 to 200 per year on energy costs. That adds up to a savings of $13 billion per year in the United States. New bulbs also reduce pollution. Upgrading our nation's lighting will cut the need for 30 large power plants and reduce carbon pollution by the same amount as taking 17 million cars off the road.

New incandescent bulbs aren't your only option. All major retailers, such as Home Depot , Lowe's , and Target , sell a range of bulbs that meet the new energy standards including the improved incandescents, CFLs, and LEDs. Compact fluorescent bulbs are the cheapest, while LEDs are the most expensive but last for as long as 25 years.

Here are some more shopping tips from Horowitz:

1. Look for "warm white" CFLs and LEDs . Most people prefer "warm white" over those marketed as "cool white" or "day light."

The Environmental Protection Agency offers detailed information on buying the right CFLs for your needs

2. Not all new bulbs are dimmable . If you are replacing a bulb that was in a dimming circuit, make sure to buy a new incandescent or a CFL bulb specifically labeled dimmable.

3. Not all new bulbs are created equal . To ensure you are getting the highest quality product, choose bulbs with the Energy Star label, which meet strict performance requirements.

4 . Dispose of bulbs properly . You can throw incandescents and LEDs in the trash. To dispose of CFLs, which contain a small amount of mercury, place them in a plastic ziploc bag and bring to a Lowes's, Home Depot, or IKEA for free recycling.

The NRDC has a simple light bulb buying guide you can print and bring to the store.

Old incandescents will not be taken off store shelves on January 1, but phased out as they are sold off. The old 75-watt incandescent bulbs will be phased out in 2013 and the 60 and 40-watt bulbs in 2014. Horowitz points out that that new law has spurred innovation: "Without the law, we'd still be stuck with the 125-year-old technology that was so inefficient 90% of the electricity used was wasted as heat."

Photo courtesy of Anthony Clark (NRDC)

Related links:

Top Eco-Friendly Magazines

Hybrid Bulbs Combine Halogen and CFL Features Meet Nest: The World's Sexiest Thermostat

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civilization will be at risk if Canada exploits oil sands

--------------------------------------------------------------------------------

NASA scientist James Hanson says civilization will be at risk if Canada exploits oil sands
By Andy Radia | Canada Politics – Thu, 10 May, 2012

An aerial view of the Syncrude tar sands mine is seen, north of Fort McMurray, Alberta.A prominent NASA scientist penned a provocative column in the New York Times Thursday, suggesting the end of civilization could be nigh, thanks to Alberta's 'tar sands.'

"Global warming isn't a prediction. It is happening. That is why I was so troubled to read a recent interview with President Obama in Rolling Stone in which he said that Canada would exploit the oil in its vast tar sands reserves 'regardless of what we do,'" climatologist James Hanson wrote.

"If we were to fully exploit this new oil source, and continue to burn our conventional oil, gas and coal supplies...twenty to 50 percent of the planet's species would be driven to extinction. Civilization would be at risk."

Hansen, who has directed the NASA Goddard Institute of Space Studies for nearly three decades, has published numerous articles on the subject of climate change.

In recent year's he's become an activist, once getting arrested at a White House protest against mountaintop coal mining.

His solution to stop Canada's 'exploitation' of the oil sands is for the U.S. government to introduce a different kind of cap and trade system.

"We should impose a gradually rising carbon fee, collected from fossil fuel companies, then distribute 100 percent of the collections to all Americans on a per-capita basis every month. The government would not get a penny," he wrote.

"Most Americans, except the heaviest energy users, would get more back than they paid in increased prices. Not only that, the reduction in oil use resulting from the carbon price would be nearly six times as great as the oil supply from the proposed pipeline from Canada, rendering the [Keystone] pipeline superfluous, according to economic models driven by a slowly rising carbon price."

This isn't the first time Hansen has weighed-in on the oil sands, but his musings comes on the heels of a parliamentary report suggesting Canada won't meet its emission targets - a report, which made it on to the New York Times website, on Tuesday

------------
Way-to-go Harper - you make all thinking Canadians ashamed to have you in office!

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 Zondor 
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Ernest Callenbach, Last words to an America in decline | Energy Bulletin



Epistle to the Ecotopians

By Ernest Callenbach

[This document was found on the computer of Ecotopia author Ernest Callenbach (1929-2012) after his death.]


To all brothers and sisters who hold the dream in their hearts of a future world in which humans and all other beings live in harmony and mutual support -- a world of sustainability, stability, and confidence. A world something like the one I described, so long ago, in Ecotopia and Ecotopia Emerging.

As I survey my life, which is coming near its end, I want to set down a few thoughts that might be useful to those coming after. It will soon be time for me to give back to Gaia the nutrients that I have used during a long, busy, and happy life. I am not bitter or resentful at the approaching end; I have been one of the extraordinarily lucky ones. So it behooves me here to gather together some thoughts and attitudes that may prove useful in the dark times we are facing: a century or more of exceedingly difficult times.

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 aquarian1 
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Zondor View Post
Ernest Callenbach, Last words to an America in decline | Energy Bulletin



To all brothers and sisters who hold the dream in their hearts of a future world in which humans and all other beings live in harmony and mutual support -- a world of sustainability, stability, and confidence. A world something like the one I described, so long ago, in Ecotopia and Ecotopia Emerging.

Many thanks Zondor,

I shall his books that you mention.
I get very saddened in these dark times and would like to read a positive vision.

I penned some time ago a vision of a planet where there was room life for the animals, there was no pollution, every lake and river sparkled fresh and clean and you could drink and swim in any of them. The oceans were restored to pristine abundance (like John Cabot who crewmen tossed over a woven basket and drew it up overladen with fish. Where the air was pure and clean and the land without chemicals and poisions.

Everything was done with zero pollution.

The entire population of the planet lived at a good standard living with good food, water a nice home with garden, free access to healthcare, recreation and higher education (perhaps like a Swede or Norwegian or Swizz e.g $60,000 per year). No war. (Probably families with one or two children?).

It has been said
"Without a vision the people will perish"

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 aquarian1 
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Driving home from western Iowa last night I could think of only one thing. Soil erosion is totally out of control in the hills there.


You could see the damage across several counties stretching from the Loess Hills above the Missouri River to the western reaches of the Des Moines River watershed. I gave up trying to photograph it. An iPhone camera simply can't do this sad drama justice.


In many fields the losses were easily visible from the highway as large gulleys and soil deposits at the bottom of the fields. Newly planted crops were entirely washed away in places. Even on some of the better tended sloping soils--those with grass waterways, terraces and no-till--the damage was clear.



Creeks looked like open sewers. One normally clean pond I visited was as dirty as Big Muddy itself.



To be fair, the rains in the area have been heavy--nine inches in a week near my home town, according to a friend. One farmer's first comment to me was "The rains came quick and hard."



This map (click here) generated on May 19 by the Iowa Daily Erosion Project documents just how damaging intense storms can be: Note that those orange and red areas show where soil losses reached seven tons per acre for that single day.



I get the fact that it rained, and it rained hard. But, this dramatic damage to the land pulls back the curtain of what's been going on in the hills for a decade or more now. More and more, farmers are pushing to grow corn where it's not possible in any kind of sustainable way. In the process, they're destroying the soils, polluting the waters, and scarring the landscape.



Some hillside corn fields, ones I remember as grass and timber not so long ago, are so god-awful steep that you wonder how a tractor and combine can even operate on them. It's breathtaking in a perverse sort of way.



It appears that some guys are hanging a planter wheel out over the edge of creeks and rivers. The field edge is literally the stream bank. There's not a buffer, terrace or grass waterway in sight on many of these newly converted fields.



I welcomed the setting sun as I approached the flatlands of central Iowa. I couldn't take another minute of witnessing what's happening in too many places in those once-beautiful hills.



I wanted to blame the goverment for not enforcing conservation compliance and sodbuster regulations. I wanted to blame certain farmers for abandoning their moral responsibility to care for the land for future generations. I wanted to blame local citizens for not applying peer pressure on their bad apple neighbors.



But mostly, it felt shameful yesterday to be associated with agriculture, and I was ashamed of myself as much as anything.

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 aquarian1 
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excerpt
Epistle to the Ecotopians
By Ernest Callenbach

(Thanks Zondor)

"By law and by stock-market pressures, corporations must seek their highest possible profits, no matter the social or national consequences -- which means moving capital and resources abroad, wherever profit potential is larger. As Karl Marx darkly remarked, “Capital has no country,” and in the conditions of globalization his meaning has come clear.

The looter elite systematically exports jobs, skills, knowledge, technology, retaining at home chiefly financial manipulation expertise: highly profitable, but not of actual productive value. Through “productivity gains” and speedups, it extracts maximum profit from domestic employees; then, firing the surplus, it claims surprise that the great mass of people lack purchasing power to buy up what the economy can still produce (or import).

Here again Marx had a telling phrase: “Crisis of under-consumption.” When you maximize unemployment and depress wages, people have to cut back. When they cut back, businesses they formerly supported have to shrink or fail, adding their own employees to the ranks of the jobless, and depressing wages still further. End result: something like Mexico, where a small, filthy rich plutocracy rules over an impoverished mass of desperate, uneducated, and hopeless people.

Barring unprecedented revolutionary pressures, this is the actual future we face in the United States, too. As we know from history, such societies can stand a long time, supported by police and military control, manipulation of media, surveillance and dirty tricks of all kinds. It seems likely that a few parts of the world (Germany, with its worker-council variant of capitalism, New Zealand with its relative equality, Japan with its social solidarity, and some others) will remain fairly democratic.

The U.S., which has a long history of violent plutocratic rule unknown to the textbook-fed, will stand out as the best-armed Third World country, its population ill-fed, ill-housed, ill-educated, ill-cared for in health, and increasingly poverty-stricken: even Social Security may be whittled down, impoverishing tens of millions of the elderly.

As empires decline, their leaders become increasingly incompetent -- petulant, ignorant, gifted only with PR skills of posturing and spinning, and prone to the appointment of loyal idiots to important government positions. Comedy thrives; indeed writers are hardly needed to invent outrageous events.

We live, then, in a dark time here on our tiny precious planet. Ecological devastation, political and economic collapse, irreconcilable ideological and religious conflict, poverty, famine: the end of the overshoot of cheap-oil-based consumer capitalist expansionism."

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(Read below for a gross underestimation of how bad things really are -- except if you count every fish )


source
Earth reaching an environmental 'state shift': Report



Researchers suggest the planet's ecosystems could shift into a new state within just a few decades or a few generations if human population and consumption rates continue to soar.
Photograph by: Courtesy of the Image Science & Analysis Laboratory , NASA Johnson Space Center.

Humans are so altering Earth's biosphere that an international team is warning "a state shift" could be just decades away.

They don't use the word doomsday, but they come close.

"Humans now dominate Earth, changing it in ways that threaten its ability to sustain us and other species," the researchers report Thursday in the journal Nature.

The researchers stress it is not known how close Earth is to a global tipping point, or if it is inevitable.

But they suggest that the planet's ecosystems could shift into a new state within just a few decades or a few generations if human population and consumption rates continue to soar.

"It really will be a new world, biologically, at that point," says lead author Anthony Barnosky, professor of integrative biology at the University of California, Berkeley.

Or, as Canadian co-author Arne Mooers, at Simon Fraser Univeristy in British Columbia, puts it: "Once the shift occurs, they'll be no going back."

A shift or tipping point is "speculation at this point," Mooers told Postmedia News.

"But it's one of those things where you say: 'Hey, maybe we better find out,' because if it's true, it's pretty serious."

The Nature paper grew out of a 2010 conference that raised plenty of questions about whether humans could trigger a state shift, but few answers on how to recognize and avoid it.

The 22 biologists, ecologists, theoreticians, geologists and paleontologists who produced Thursday's report reviewed past stateshifts — the latest being end of the most recent ice age — and the remarkable changes humans are driving on the planet.

The climate is warming so fast that the "mean global temperature by 2070 (or possibly a few decades earlier) will be higher than it has been since the human species evolved," they say.

And to support the current population of seven billion people, about 43 per cent of Earth's land surface has been converted to agricultural or urban use. The population is expected to hit nine billion by 2045 and they say current trends suggest that half Earth's land surface will be altered by humans by 2025.

That's "disturbingly close" to a potential global tipping point, Barnosky says in a release issued with the report. The study says tipping points tend to occur when 50 to 90 per cent of smaller ecosystems have been disrupted.

"I think that if we want to avoid the most unpleasant surprises, we want to stay away from that 50 per cent mark," Barnosky says.

The "ultimate effects" of a state shift are unknown, but the researchers suggest it could have severe impact on the world's fisheries, agriculture, forests and water resources. And they warn that "widespread social unrest, economic instability and loss of human life could result."

Mooers says it is known the biosphere is changing because of human activity. "It's a question of whether it is going to be manageable change or abrupt change," he says. "And we have reason to be the change may be abrupt and surprising."

Mooers says he hopes that they are proven wrong. "It would be great if the naysayers were right, I wouldn't have to worry.

"But there is no evidence to suggest they are right," he says. "The evidence is the opposite."

The report is one of series of papers in Nature this week on the huge challenges facing international leaders and delegates gathering in Rio de Janeiro on June 20 for the United Nations Conference on Sustainable Development, known as Rio+20. It is the 20th anniversary of 1992 Earth Summit in Rio.

The journal notes there has been little progress on key international commitments made 20 years ago.

Instead of curbing carbon emissions to try slow climate change, global greenhouse emissions have soared 45 per cent since 1990. And governments are nowhere near meeting 20-year-old pledges to better protect biodiversity — 30 per cent of amphibians, 21 per cent of birds and 25 per cent of mammals are at risk of extinction, according to the International Union for Conservation of Nature.

Read more: Earth reaching an environmental 'state shift': Report

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Industrial scars: aerial photographs of pollution by J Henry Fair - Telegraph

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Don't worry so much....nature has a way of correcting things

Amazon.com: The Great Influenza: The Story of the Deadliest Pandemic in History (9780143036494): John M. Barry: Books

“Be who you are and say what you feel because those who mind don't matter and those who matter don't mind.” - Dr. Seuss
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Good Doc on the state of our planet.. HOME - YouTube

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Glut of Solar Panels Poses a New Threat to China - Yahoo! Finance

Glut of Solar Panels Poses a New Threat to China
New York TimesBy KEITH BRADSHER | New York Times – 3 hours ago

BEIJING — China in recent years established global dominance in renewable energy, its solar panel and wind turbine factories forcing many foreign rivals out of business and its policy makers hailed by environmentalists around the world as visionaries.

But now China’s strategy is in disarray. Though worldwide demand for solar panels and wind turbines has grown rapidly over the last five years, China’s manufacturing capacity has soared even faster, creating enormous oversupply and a ferocious price war.

The result is a looming financial disaster, not only for manufacturers but for state-owned banks that financed factories with approximately $18 billion in low-rate loans and for municipal and provincial governments that provided loan guarantees and sold manufacturers valuable land at deeply discounted prices.

China’s biggest solar panel makers are suffering losses of up to $1 for every $3 of sales this year, as panel prices have fallen by three-fourths since 2008. Even though the cost of solar power has fallen, it still remains triple the price of coal-generated power in China, requiring substantial subsidies through a tax imposed on industrial users of electricity to cover the higher cost of renewable energy.

The outcome has left even the architects of China’s renewable energy strategy feeling frustrated and eager to see many businesses shut down, so the most efficient companies may be salvageable financially.

In the solar panel sector, “If one-third of them survive, that’s good, and two-thirds of them die, but we don’t know how that happens,” said Li Junfeng, a longtime director general for energy and climate policy at the National Development and Reform Commission, the country’s top economic planning agency.

Mr. Li said in an interview that he wanted banks to cut off loans to all but the strongest solar panel companies and let the rest go bankrupt. But banks — which were encouraged by Beijing to make the loans — are not eager to acknowledge that the loans are bad and take large write-offs, preferring to lend more money to allow the repayment of previous loans. Many local and provincial governments also are determined to keep their hometown favorites afloat to avoid job losses and to avoid making payments on loan guarantees, he said.

Mr. Li’s worries appear to be broadly shared in Beijing. “For the leading companies in the sector, if they’re not careful, the whole sector will disappear,” said Chen Huiqing, the deputy director for solar products at the China Chamber of Commerce for Import and Export of Machinery and Electronic Products.

The Chinese government also wants to see the country’s more than 20 wind turbine manufacturers, many of which are losing money, consolidate to five or six. “Wind does not need so many manufacturers,” said Mr. Li, who in addition to drafting renewable energy policies is the president of the Chinese Renewable Energy Industries Association.

Chinese solar company executives blame their difficulties partly on the United States’s decisions last spring to impose antidumping and anti-subsidy tariffs on solar panel imports, and on the European Union’s recent decision to start its own antidumping investigation of imports from China.

“It is not a Chinese industry problem, it is a global solar industry problem,” said Rory Macpherson, a spokesman for Suntech Power, one of the largest Chinese solar panel manufacturers. “It is primarily the result of an imbalance between supply and demand, and the U.S. and E.U. trade investigations.”

Mr. Li said the solar industry’s problems were the result of overcapacity in China, and not the fault of trade restrictions.

Yet he insisted that if the Chinese government could turn back the clock and revisit past renewable energy decisions, it would not do anything differently.

The problem lies in the eagerness of Chinese businesses to rush into any new industry that looks attractive and swamp it with investments, he said. Chinese companies and their bankers are then far more reluctant than Western companies to admit defeat for investments that prove unprofitable.

Mr. Li added that banking regulators had not yet decided what to do about banks’ exposure to the solar sector. The central government tried without success to learn from local and provincial government agencies how much of the solar industry’s bank debt they have guaranteed, Mr. Li said.

Chinese solar power companies are making some cutbacks. Suntech, based in Wuxi, is temporarily closing a quarter of its solar cell capacity. It will transfer a majority of the 1,500 affected workers to other operations and provide severance payments to the rest.

Jiangsu province, where Suntech has its headquarters and most of its factories, issued an unusual appeal to state-owned banks several weeks ago to continue lending money to the company, a step that Mr. Li criticized as inappropriate. Mr. Macpherson of Suntech wrote in an e-mail that the Jiangsu government had not guaranteed any of the company’s debt, which totaled $2.26 billion at the end of the first quarter, including some convertible bonds in addition to bank loans. Trina Solar, one of its biggest rivals, also has said it will “streamline its operations” and shrink its work force, but did not provide details.

Trina shares have dropped 85 percent in the last three years and Suntech shares have fallen more than 98 percent in the last five years. Both trade on the New York Stock Exchange.

The modest cutbacks in production barely put a dent in China’s overcapacity problem. GTM Research, a renewable energy consulting firm in Boston, estimates that Chinese companies have the ability to manufacture 50 gigawatts of solar panels this year, while the Chinese domestic market is on track to absorb only 4 to 5 gigawatts. Exports will take another 18 or 19 gigawatts.

The enormously expensive equipment in solar panel factories needs to be run around the clock, seven days a week, to cover costs.

“You want to be up at 80 percent, so they’re half of what they need,” said Shayle Kann, the head of GTM Research, which is a unit of Greentech Media.

Chinese companies have struggled even though a dozen solar companies in the United States and another dozen in Europe have gone bankrupt or closed factories since the start of last year. The bankruptcies and closures have done little to ease the global glut and price war because China by itself represents more than two-thirds of the world’s capacity.

To reduce capacity, foreign rivals have clamored for China to subsidize the purchase of more solar panels at home, instead of having Chinese companies rely so heavily on exports. But the government here is worried about the cost of doing so, because the price of solar power remains far higher than for coal-generated power.

The average cost of electricity from solar panels in China works out to 19 cents per kilowatt-hour, said Mr. Li. That is three times the cost of coal-fired power. But it is a marked improvement from 63 cents per kilowatt-hour for solar power four years ago.

China’s official goal is to install 10 gigawatts of solar panels a year by 2015, using 20-year contracts to guarantee payment for electricity purchased from them. If costs stay where they are now, the subsidies would be $50 billion over 20 years for every 10 gigawatts of solar power installed, based on figures supplied by Mr. Li.

Even if solar power costs fall by a third, as the government hopes, he said, “it’s big money.”

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 aquarian1 
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The preferred trading nation status sold out the western world workers and the planet's environment - love of mamon. It allowed USA corp to outsource the jobs of their workers to a country with little worker rights and benefits, very low environmental costs and a ridiculously low fixed exchange rate.

This meant that cheap Chinese goods flooded the USA and the rest of the world putting out of work any corporations who wanted to make produce in their own country - USA, Canada, Europe - where there were costs of protecting the environment.

In the height of China's cheap dirty coal plants they were making 50 plants a year and spewing vast amounts of pollution into the air. The biggest source of mercury pollution is coal power plants. This filled the Pacific Ocean with so much mercury that the fish (such as tuna at the top of the food chain - as are we humans) are toxic and shouldn't be eaten by pregnant women at all and by anyone more than once a week.

Also the carbon dioxide combines with the seawater to form carbonic acid. Vast portions of the ocean are now dead zones - (see pop sci for a map).

The article above ignores the idea of taxing the polluting coal plants and using the money to subsidize China solar domestic use. It closes with :

"If costs stay where they are now, the subsidies would be $50 billion over 20 years for every 10 gigawatts of solar power installed, based on figures supplied by Mr. Li. Even if solar power costs fall by a third, as the government hopes, he said, “it’s big money.”

50 billion over 20 years is peanuts.

Canada is foolishly buying $150Billion of US warplanes (twice the cost they were originally quoted) because the
planetary destructionist, Stepen Harper has sold out to the USA.
Examples:
* taking Canada out of Kyoto accord because the USA asked him to,
* railroading through the oilsands (bill C38 guts environment canada) because the USA asked him to , and
* buying their stupid warplanes because the USA asked him to.

150 Billion on warplanes is worth $15billion a year in interest at 10%, over 20 years that is $300billion - not counting the $150 billion of principle. (it would less if their a declining balance but with the massive federal debt it cannot pay off the principle).

So $300billion +150 billion is $450 billion over 20 years - the 50 billion is laughable. China's population is 40 times Canada's and four times the USA's.

The fed is wasting 40-80 billion a month!!! over an indefininate amount of months to buy near worthless MBAs from dishonest banks to increase their profits with taxpayers money. It has already wasted trillions!!

China has 13,000 billion in its cash reserves it has built up since the preferred trading status

---
So why does he say big money?

Because those who are profiting off the death of the planet want to see coal and oil -take the planet to the grave to line their filty greedy pockets.

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https://www.nytimes.com/2012/12/04/business/energy-environment/severely-polluted-mongolia-tries-a-cleaner-power-source.html?pagewanted=2&_r=0&partner=rss&emc=rss

Severely Polluted Mongolia Tries a Cleaner Power Source
By MICHAEL KOHN
Published: December 3, 2012

SALKHIT, MONGOLIA — On a desolate, wind-raked hilltop not far from the Mongolian capital, white-helmeted workers were busily lifting, tugging and erecting 80-meter poles and fitting them with enormous pinwheel-like turbines in Mongolia’s first foray into wind-generated power.
Enlarge This Image
Gilles Sabrie for The New York Times

A coal-fueled plant sent fumes over Ulan Bator.
Green



With 31 of these 260-foot, or 79-meter, turbines made by General Electric, the Salkhit, or Windy, Wind Farm will be able to produce 50 megawatts of power when it goes online in early 2013. That is enough to supply Mongolia’s 860-megawatt central grid with approximately 5 percent of its energy needs.

Inside a V.I.P. yurt near the turbines, an investment analyst for Clean Energy, a unit of Newcom Group, gave a PowerPoint presentation to a group of visiting businessmen, outlining the details of the $120 million effort. Newcom Group is the company behind the wind farm project.

The eco-friendly plant about 45 miles, or 70 kilometers, from the capital, Ulan Bator, will save Mongolia 150,000 tons of coal and reduce carbon dioxide emissions 180,000 tons annually, the businessmen were told. It also brings the latest renewable technology to a country hamstrung by inefficient combined heat and power stations built by the former Soviet Union. Ulan Bator has two main coal-fired power stations, one built in 1965 and the other in 1984.

Harnessing wind power is part of a new policy plan by the Mongolian government, which is looking for innovative ways to diversify into renewable energy, despite a wealth of coal reserves — Mongolia has about 100 billion tons of coal underground.

Earlier governments started small-scale renewable energy initiatives like the subsidized sale of solar panels to nomads, with assistance from the World Bank. The project brought solar panels to 100,000 herder families, who move three or four times a year across Mongolia’s grassy steppes and sunburned deserts.

The push to develop cleaner energy is fueled by an environmental disaster in Ulan Bator, identified by the World Health Organization as the world’s second-most polluted city, after Ahvaz in southern Iran.

According to a 2011 report by the World Bank, the population’s exposure to fine particulate matter in the city was, on average throughout the year, six to seven times as high as the most lenient World Health Organization targets.

That pollution is largely attributed to the tens of thousands of families living in slum areas called “ger districts,” where residents burn raw coal in winter to keep warm. Coal-fired power stations, exhaust from vehicles and dust from construction sites also contribute to the airborne particulate matter.

According to a study produced by the Public Health Institute of Ulan Bator, the number of people sickened by respiratory disease increased 45 percent between 2004 and 2008.

A 2011 study by Simon Fraser University in British Columbia reported that one in ten deaths in Ulan Bator can be attributed to air pollution.

Renewable energy will not fix all of Mongolia’s problems. By nature, this type of power cannot provide a constant supply of electricity — the more heat- intensive coal plants must generate that. Wind power can contribute as much as 20 percent of the electricity in the central grid.

“Mongolia has tremendous potential for solar and wind, but this is something that has to be carefully approached because of the nature of renewables. They don’t provide the same reliability as more conventional sources of energy,” said Shane Rosenthal, deputy country director for the Asian Development Bank in Ulan Bator.

With double-digit G.D.P. growth last year, Mongolia is emerging as an important economic and energy power player in the Asia-Pacific region. As it grows, the country will need energy to propel its expanding capital city and its burgeoning copper and coal mines.

For now, the Newcom project is the only wind farm under construction in the country, but the Ministry of Environment and Green Development said that other companies had shown interest in developing wind farms, particularly in the Gobi region.

Oyu Tolgoi, a $6.5 billion mine in the Gobi Desert, will need to import power from China to run its copper concentrator. But after four years, the investment agreement states that Oyu Tolgoi will have to switch to domestic power.

Page 2 of 2)

Tavan Tolgoi, one of the biggest coal fields in the world, with 6.4 billion tons of coal reserves, will also need power to operate a coal-washing plant at its site in the Gobi Desert. Then there is the $10 billion industrial park planned for the city of Sainshand.
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A blog about energy and the environment.
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All these projects will require new sources of energy, and the government is considering its options.

One likely source is a proposed 450-megawatt power plant, code-named CHP5, planned for Ulan Bator. GDF Suez, based in France, is the lead bidder in a consortium to develop the project, which is expected to be in operation by 2015. It would be coal-fired but would use newer, cleaner technology; Newcom, Sojitz of Japan and Posco Energy of Korea are also involved.

According to a statement from GDF Suez, the Mongolian government will buy power from the plant under a 25-year deal. Steam from the plant will be used for city heating in Ulan Bator, where winter temperatures plummet to minus 30 degrees Celsius (minus 22 Fahrenheit).

About 340 kilometers east of the capital, Prophecy Coal of Canada is proposing construction of a 600-megawatt plant. Prophecy says the plant would help Mongolia end its energy reliance on Russia and eventually allow the country to export power to China.

“First we want to build a plant that will satiate domestic demand for power,” said Oscar Mendoza, general manager for Prophecy Coal in Mongolia. “But our concept is to build a plant that can go from 600 megawatts all the way up to 3,600 megawatts or even 4,800 megawatts.”

Yet wind technology seems to be gathering momentum among Mongolia’s leaders. In November, Mongolia was host to a conference, Renewable Energy in North East Asia, that highlighted a proposed Asian supergrid, an ambitious plan to connect power grids from Japan to India.

The host for the conference was President Tsakihi Elbegdorj, named a 2012 Champion of the Earth by the United Nations Environment Program for his eco-friendly policy leadership.

Prime Minister Norov Altankhuyag has also reshaped his government’s stance on the environment by taking the Ministry of Environment and adding a “Green Development” division that will, in theory, develop renewable and environmentally responsible energy.

As part of the effort to use renewable energy sources, Newcom Group is working with Japan’s Softbank to develop a 300-megawatt wind farm in the Gobi Desert.

“They see the potential for generating large-scale power generation based on wind, to export power to China and Korea and eventually to Japan,” said Tumentsogt Tsevegmid, the chief representative of General Electric in Ulan Bator.

“After Fukushima, the Japanese said they want to shut down their nuclear program, so they need additional power,” he said, referring to the nuclear disaster and the Fukushima Daiichi plant after the tsunami last year. “ Mongolia can help.”

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For Planes, a Climate Antidote: Bypass the Arctic - NYTimes.com

December 3, 2012, 2:04 pmComment
For Planes, a Climate Antidote: Bypass the Arctic
By JOANNA M. FOSTER
Swinburne University
Green: Science

This year Arctic sea ice reached a historic low, breaking a record set in 2007 by a whopping 18 percent. Researchers suggest that the ice could disappear entirely in as little as two or three decades. That would accelerate the warming of the planet, given that dark solar-energy-absorbing ocean water would replace a surface of bright white ice, which reflects sunlight back into space.

Air traffic is the biggest source of pollution in the Arctic. Ever since cross-polar flights became commonplace in the late 1990s, flights crossing the Arctic Circle have risen steadily, surpassing 50,000 in 2010.

While cross-polar flights account for only a tiny percent of total global emissions from aviation, the standard cruising altitude for commercial planes in the Arctic is the stratosphere, an extremely stable layer of the atmosphere. Black carbon and other emissions get trapped in this layer and as a result remain in the atmosphere longer, causing far more damage than emissions from flights at lower latitudes, scientists say.

But with some creative detours, airlines can buy a little more time for Arctic sea ice, a new study suggests.
A hypothetical rerouting of a flight from Frankfurt to Anchorage, Alaska skirts the Arctic Circle.Mark JacobsonA hypothetical rerouting of a flight from Frankfurt to Anchorage, Alaska skirts the Arctic Circle.

Writing in the journal Climatic Change, Mark Jacobson, an atmospheric scientist at Stanford University, and other researchers report that rerouting planes around the Arctic Circle could help delay the advent of a tipping point after which the ice would eventually disappear.

The research team gathered emissions data from 40,399 cross-polar flights in 2006 and used computer simulations to compare what would happen over the next 22 years if those flights skirted the Arctic rather than following their current routes.

Using these less direct flight paths would increase commercial planes’ total fuel use by 0.056 percent, their calculations suggest. But global surface temperatures would dip by by nearly three-hundredths of a degree Fahrenheit (0.015 degrees Celsius), they wrote. That’s because the emissions would predominantly be dumped in less stable areas of the atmosphere, where precipitation washes out pollutants, especially black carbon.

Rerouting flights to save the Arctic sea ice would cost about $99 million a year in additional fuel and operational costs globally, the scientists reported. But the climatic savings from avoiding the increase in temperature would be 47 to 55 times that amount for the United States alone by 2025.

Ultimately, Dr. Jacobson warns, the aviation industry will need to make more drastic changes than skirting the Arctic.”Aircraft traffic is on the rise, so it’s not like the problem will go away by itself,” he said.

“We have three options here — move pollution sources away from sensitive areas like the Arctic; reduce emissions from current fuels, although less of one pollutant usually results in more of another; or we need to change airplane technology so that you don’t use fossil fuels anymore,” Dr. Jacobson said

This third option, which could involve switching to something like cryogenic hydrogen fuel, “is the only one which isn’t just a temporary fix,” he said. “Industry doesn’t want to spend the money, but in the end we will have to go there — it’s just a question of how much damage we inflict before we make the switch.”

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A friend sent my this link on climate change update
Climate-change summary and update

it's long and I haven't read it all..

It is basically that many scientists are finally realizing that they were drastically underestimating the speed of climate change. (Well duh!). Methane release in the Arctic which started even before Inconvenient truth was made - though it is not in the video is yet another factor in the acceleration. (methane has 30 times more greenhouse to CO2). Methane is in the previously frozen permafrost and below the arctic seabed.

The article speaks of the 4degree level and give a link to
Global warming: Four degree rise will end vegetation 'carbon sink', research suggests -- ScienceDaily
which I did read.





As I understand this that the 4degrees gives drought and forest fires and this cuts CO2
sequestration by plants.

continued..

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 aquarian1 
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I would like to state that I do not believe it has to be game over.

Simplfying, scientists (by in large) are the boneheads that got us into this mess. -along of course with corporations and governments which are owned by them and the mainstream media which is also owned by them.

They are incapable of thinking of any solution that will work - thinking outside the box is not in their playbook.

Completely foresting the deserts and semi-deserts of Africa, North America, China and so on as well as stopping the slash and burn programs in the Amazon and elsewhere would have an enormous effect.

Ending fossil fuel burning flaring of natural gas etc will also have an enormous effect.

Getting the world to adopt a one-child per family concept will have an enormous effect.

All of these things can be done.
The stupidity of scientists and the masses and the evil of the bi corporations are some of the enormous roadblocks to this.

Though the run-away effect is likely (perhaps very high odds). giving up is not my style.

I believe in God and in miracles.
The change in consciousness by those who pull the strings is close to a miracle, I admit, but

With faith and vision and belief - miracles can happen.

(If you are a climate change denier go open a different thread. Don't post in this thread
The world environmental situation is very very critical. If you're not on board for helping to save the planet don't post here. You will be off-topic and harassing.)

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 aquarian1 
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 aquarian1 
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It always the same with planetary destructionists. They are old and grumpy. They love to argue and make it sound like a "reasoned" debate. The tactics are always the same, confuse distract take it off topic get lost in "scientific" debate - while the clock tick and the planet dies.

They think it is like an argument over Sugar Twin or Sweet-& Low in the coffee while they soak their minds in brain-numbing mass media crap and the planet dies. They argue and debate and whatever is the status-quo is defended no matter how lacking in common sense.

I need to focus on making enough money to bring my green energy inventions to fruition while their is still time.
I no longer have time to argue without common sense.

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 aquarian1 
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Fracking uses high pressure and high temperature steam and chemicals to break apart the shale and then frack sand to hold apart the cracks and let out the trapped natural gas.

It is high energy and high pollution to get the natural gas. It doesn't make common sense and shouldn't be entertained by anyone with the uncommon feature of common sense.

I do know from my reading that the whole natural gas via fracking has been a boondoggle and the ground structures are more complex and the actual amount of gas they (in the USA) are getting is very low. So that and the amount of energy consumed to produce the natural gas are two good reasons to abandon this "profit-at-any-cost-to-the-planet" boon-doogle.

Wind and solar are cheaper and the energy storable via hydro and or flywheels.

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 PandaWarrior 
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Fracking uses high pressure and high temperature steam and chemicals to break apart the shale and then frack sand to hold apart the cracks and let out the trapped natural gas.

It is high energy and high pollution to get the natural gas. It doesn't make common sense and shouldn't be entertained by anyone with the uncommon feature of common sense.

I do know from my reading that the whole natural gas via fracking has been a boondoggle and the ground structures are more complex and the actual amount of gas they (in the USA) are getting is very low. So that and the amount of energy consumed to produce the natural gas are two good reasons to abandon this "profit-at-any-cost-to-the-planet" boon-doogle.

Wind and solar are cheaper and the energy storable via hydro and or flywheels.

what is the carbon impact along with the destruction done to the environment to extract the needed components for solar power....I've read its quite destructive to mine, process and manufacture the panels along with the battery components....so much so that it might be environmentally negative to use solar.....I don't really know so I am asking.....there is so much conflicting information on this issue....

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 tturner86 
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what is the carbon impact along with the destruction done to the environment to extract the needed components for solar power....I've read its quite destructive to mine, process and manufacture the panels along with the battery components....so much so that it might be environmentally negative to use solar.....I don't really know so I am asking.....there is so much conflicting information on this issue....

Also it takes almost 20 yrs to recoup the cost and energy required to manufacture a Wind Tower. I have a client that used to construct the tower sections and they had to stop because it was a death business. They switched to pressure vessels for oil and gas to survive.

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Also it takes almost 20 yrs to recoup the cost and energy required to manufacture a Wind Tower. I have a client that used to construct the tower sections and they had to stop because it was a death business. They switched to pressure vessels for oil and gas to survive.

I flew over the harbor in Copenhagen Denmark a few years back...the harbor is full of wind towers....totally destroyed the beauty of the natural environment.....not to mention the number of dead sea birds each year.....then my friends in Denmark took us out sight seeing....and we stopped under a tower to see some sights.....and we had to yell at each other because the noise pollution coming from the tower was so loud. But they produced electricity without using nuke power or fossil fuel making it clean energy more or less....

It just seems the payoffs just aren't there. I like the idea of clean sustainable energy but it seems like theres a lot of negative consequences just like fossil fuels.

Not sure who to believe at this point......

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I flew over the harbor in Copenhagen Denmark a few years back...the harbor is full of wind towers....totally destroyed the beauty of the natural environment.....not to mention the number of dead sea birds each year.....then my friends in Denmark took us out sight seeing....and we stopped under a tower to see some sights.....and we had to yell at each other because the noise pollution coming from the tower was so loud. But they produced electricity without using nuke power or fossil fuel making it clean energy more or less....

It just seems the payoffs just aren't there. I like the idea of clean sustainable energy but it seems like theres a lot of negative consequences just like fossil fuels.

Not sure who to believe at this point......

Price, Utah in the mountains:




Outside Barstow, California nearing Mojave.



Quoting 
tt gave a quick stat 20 years - but no supporting calculations is it right or wrong and what assumptions?
More endless debate and more dragging the topic into the alleyway and mugging it.
For tt to say "wind is dead" is wrong a lie and playing into the the planetary destructionist delaying tactics.
T Boone Pickens who made his fortune in the Oil business decided a decade ago to get into the wind business.

My stats come from a company who manufactured wind towers for T Boone Pickens. They both have gotten out of the wind game because it was a boondoggle. They lost large amounts of money. There was a rush to create large wind fields and towers. But the actual cost of creating the towers ballooned.

https://newsbusters.org/blogs/noel-sheppard/2012/04/11/t-boone-pickens-ive-lost-my-wind-power-jobs-are-oil-and-gas-industry

Pickens lost his Billionaire status because of failed wind investments.

I find it funny that someone post a different angle and your first decision is to just ignore that poster. Don't worry I don't need to post in this thread with someone who is unwilling for open and active discourse. @PandaWarrior don't question him he doesn't like that.

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 aquarian1 
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panda

Certainly there is much conflicting data - and that is the whole point of
delay til death.

To confuse argue and debate.
Until death - death of the planet.
This is not a sugar twin debate.
This is the end of the planet's ecosystems.

tt gave a quick stat 20 years - but no supporting calculations is it right or wrong and what assumptions?
More endless debate and more dragging the topic into the alleyway and mugging it.
For tt to say "wind is dead" is wrong a lie and playing into the the planetary destructionist delaying tactics.
T Boone Pickens who made his fortune in the Oil business decided a decade ago to get into the wind business.


And here common sense must come into play.

There is a life cycle energy cost cost of the material inputs.
These also existing in the metals in the drill rig,
the drill pipe,
the drill trucks,
the drill casing,
the energy to drill a hole,
the energy to drill all the exploration holes,
The energy to built the miles of pipeline
the energy to refine it
then the energy to get it to market
then the energy to lost in burning it.
(that is a gas turbine is only 40% efficient in converting it to electricity)

Is there even a net gain???

then the pollution
the pollution refine it - water and chemicals etc at the refinery
the pollution to the ground water

----------

So bring in common sense
The planet is roasting and the oceans and air and land are being poisoned
There is no one who thinks tapping stored carbon energy is good solution.
It was started at the beginning of the industrial age and the work population was only 1 billion
Its over 7.billion (about 7.8

The energy from the wind is clean.





They have millions. The are oil/fossil fuel based. They are only interested in the status-quo continuing.

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 aquarian1 
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There is lots of room to continue endless debating

just start a new thread

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 aquarian1 
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The planet is dying and dying fast.

This is not a joke.

This in not politics and chew the fat on the porch.

If you are not for saving the planet, and if you are not for getting away from
fossil fuels
pollution of food, land, water, streams, rivers, oceans, and air
cutting down the forests
dragnet trawling the oceans
and so on

do not post in this thread.

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 aquarian1 
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The lifecyle energy cost recapture of a large wind turbine is 2.8 yrs not 20.

The depreciation life cycle used in economic calculations is 20yrs

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 aquarian1 
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As of 2014, the wind industry in the USA is able to produce more power at lower cost by using taller wind turbines with longer blades, capturing the faster winds at higher elevations. This has opened up new opportunities and in Indiana, Michigan, and Ohio, the price of power from wind turbines built 300 feet to 400 feet above the ground can now compete with conventional fossil fuels like coal. Prices have fallen to about 4 cents per kilowatt-hour in some cases and utilities have been increasing the amount of wind energy in their portfolio, saying it is their cheapest option.[31]

Wind power in the United States - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

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 aquarian1 
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California drought

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California drought

i thought the air in at least america has never been cleaner? didnt California have desalination plants built and abandoned after a previous drought?

im not on a side, but i am also entropy fan. everything is falling apart around us all the time. to me its about control. control of oneself, control of others. just let go and people might be surprised at what happens.

"The planet is fine, people are fucked!"



"Stop trying to control everything and just let go!"


dont believe anything you hear and only half of what you see

¯\_(ツ)_/¯

(╯°□°)╯︵ ┻━┻
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 aquarian1 
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Hi Mad

Yesterday I watched two trees beside me being needlessly killed.
Beautiful crabapple trees with delicate soft white blossoms in the spring.
I loved those trees.

The man who killed them did so because one branch on each was diseased - been so for several years.
He only need to prune off the branch.

I was deeply depressed.
The sound of the chainsaw was cutting right through me.
I had to leave early - I couldn't bear it.

The world is filled with morons, clunkinheads and low-minded people of early incarnation evolutions, such as the man who killed the tree. Destroying and killing is where they are at. They have the power and those who care for the plants and animals and are for a healthy clean planet are marginalized as "environmentalists"

Regarding the 1% Warren Buffet said "Yes there is a war between the rich and the poor, - and we are winning."

The same in true for the planet and the animals plants and ecosystem are losing.

You say you are not - on a side:
and your post is negative desalination and stop trying to control everything.

It is not a man's words that tell his character it is his actions.

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The planet is dying and dying fast.

This is not a joke.

This in not politics and chew the fat on the porch.

If you are not for saving the planet, and if you are not for getting away from
fossil fuels
pollution of food, land, water, streams, rivers, oceans, and air
cutting down the forests
dragnet trawling the oceans
and so on

do not post in this thread.

xox

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 aquarian1 
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There is lots of room to continue endless debating

just start a new thread


xox

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 aquarian1 
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Suggested thread titles for the destructionists
  • Drill baby, drill
  • Burn, baby, burn
  • Die baby die.
  • I'll idle my private jet on the tarmack with a panda tied to the exhaust if I want to - it's my money.
  • Everything is Ok - just keep the fires burning and the warplanes reeved up.
  • Trees are weeds - kill em kill em all.
  • Monsanto kicks ass
  • GMO means Good Money Oil

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JTurner77
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ROTFLMAO

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I'm new here and just trying to figure out how things are done. I came across this and a newer thread on the environment and I was kind of taken-aback. Is it true that global warming deniers are not permitted to post in this thread? Do thread starters have the capability of banning specific posters?

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 Daytrader999 
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Do thread starters have the capability of banning specific posters?

Thread starters can put other members on ignore list in order to exclude them from posting in this particular thread.

"If you don't design your own life plan, chances are you'll fall into someone else's plan. And guess what they have planned for you? Not much." - Jim Rohn
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So if I were to suggest that believers in global warming are radical environmentalists hell-bent on destroying our economy with their costly fixes for an imaginary problem, would I be put on an ignore list for this thread?

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So if I were to suggest that believers in global warming are radical environmentalists hell-bent on destroying our economy with their costly fixes for an imaginary problem, would I be put on an ignore list for this thread?

Just start a new thread.

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15 Big Oil sell signals that warn of a 50% stock crash - MarketWatch

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Oil Residue The Size Of Rhode Island Covers Gulf Of Mexico Seafloor In Macondo Well Disaster Aftermath | Zero Hedge


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https://finance.yahoo.com/news/world-seeing-alarming-global-warming-world-bank-074619149.html?l=1

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 aquarian1 
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to those who excess-idle their cars and the climate change deniers:
Nothing to laugh about here

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 aquarian1 
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No matter how many studies
no matter how obvious -even to an eight year old
the deniers will deny

https://ottawacitizen.com/



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Canada Tops The World In Forest Degradation

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“We know that climate change is real,” Cook said on Tuesday. “Our view is that the time for talk has passed, and the time for action is now. We’ve shown that with what we’ve done.”

What Apple Just Did in Solar Is a Really Big Deal - Bloomberg Business

Apple isn't investing in solar as a gift to humanity. It's doing it because it's a good business deal, Cook stressed at the Goldman Sachs conference. "We expect to have very significant savings," he said.


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Fossil-fuel subsidies outpace renewable-energy subsidies by a factor of 6 to 1!!!!!!!!!!

And some poorly informed people complain about solar subsidies - which are being or have been dropped.

With the enormous cost to health of fossil fuels:
air quality => breathing prb and diseases
mercury => polluted oceans, land, and arctic (loss of birds - thin shells)
sulfur dioxide => acid rain => loos of forests and fish

Seven Reasons Cheap Oil Can't Stop Solar Power Anymore - Bloomberg Business

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All over the world, underground aquifers are being drained rapidly. In fact, according to the Washington Post, 21 out of the 37 largest aquifers in the world “have passed their sustainability tipping points”…

The world’s largest underground aquifers – a source of fresh water for hundreds of millions of people — are being depleted at alarming rates, according to new NASA satellite data that provides the most detailed picture yet of vital water reserves hidden under the Earth’s surface.



Twenty-one of the world’s 37 largest aquifers — in locations from India and China to the United States and France — have passed their sustainability tipping points, meaning more water was removed than replaced during the decade-long study period, researchers announced Tuesday. Thirteen aquifers declined at rates that put them into the most troubled category. The researchers said this indicated a long-term problem that’s likely to worsen as reliance on aquifers grows.
California Has Never Experienced A Water Crisis Of This Magnitude ? And The Worst Is Yet To Come | Zero Hedge

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he European Union installed record wind-power capacity in 2015 as the technology leapfrogged hydropower to become the third-biggest source of electricity in the 28-nation bloc.

Germany’s market led the growth, installing 47 percent of the 12.8-gigawatts of new wind power capacity across the region, the European Wind Energy Association said Tuesday in an e-mailed report. Record offshore installations canceled out a dip in new onshore machines. That pushed the total for 2015 above the 12.1 gigawatts registered in 2014.

“Wind power accounts for one-third of all new power installations since 2000
in the EU,” the association said. “Conventional power sources such as fuel oil and coal continue to decommission more capacity than they install.”
Wind energy is booming in Europe as member states strive to lower emissions by 40 percent in the four decades through 2030 to fight climate change. As costs come down, onshore wind is becoming more competitive with traditional forms of power generation, enabling developers and policymakers to glimpse a subsidy-free future.

Investors poured a record 26.4 billion euros ($29.3 billion) into wind across Europe in 2015, boosted by a doubling of expenditure in the offshore sector, according to wind association. The EU may see a dip in grid connections for both onshore and offshore wind this year as growth in the industry slows, according to Oliver Joy, a spokesman for EWEA.

While offshore wind may rebound in 2017, “the outlook for onshore is less clear due to regulatory uncertainty in some member states,” Joy said in an e-mail. “It is likely that Germany will move to a tendering system while the future of support in countries such as the U.K., Poland and Spain remains unsure. Investors and industry still need policy clarity post-2020.”
Paris Deal




Renewables were given a fillip in December when 195 nations agreed for the first time to a climate treaty that is binding on all countries. The EU target for renewables to account for 27 percent of energy consumption by 2030 is binding only at a bloc-wide level, without objectives for individual member states.

Last year, wind accounted for 44 percent of new generating capacity across the EU. The bloc’s 141.6 gigawatts of wind turbines now account for 15.6 percent of its power capacity, compared to 15.5 percent for hydro power, according to the report. Gas leads on 21.1 percent, followed by coal on 17.5 percent.

After Germany, the biggest markets in 2015 were Poland, with 9.9 percent of EU installations, France on 8.4 percent and the U.K. on 7.6 percent. One-time European leader Spain installed no new wind capacity last year.
SOURCE:
EU Installs Record Wind Power as Technology Leapfrogs Hydro - Bloomberg Business

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I love and care for mother nature and feel a deep anguish at what we humans have done to it. It seems we are leaving no place for the animals to live and fouling the land, air and seas.

I hope that we can start to have a change in consciousness that having more than 1 (or 2 max) children is irresponsible. Once we crossed 1 billion (1800?) the achingly beautiful planet we were honoured with has been trashed as the exponential grow curve of population (and greed and arrogance and self-interest resulting in the pollution we have caused).

One person has a tag line:
"The greatest failure of man is to understand exponential growth."

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Last night I was talking with someone.

He said that if he felt some people were taking actions in a small way to help
(citing one person he knew that went to bed early to save power) and that little actions add up.

I think these little actions add up to a hill of beans compared to the massive destruction being done in enormous amounts by the vast majority - who are breeding like rabbits on viagra and only interested in the self. Line the nest : more toys power boats and race cars (dying with the most toys wins philosophy - wins what? the destruction and ignorance and lack of caring award?)

Where will the animals go? The tigers lions, elephants rhinos, polar bears, fish ..

Even a 10 yr child can realize:
"Daddy its nice and cool in the forest.
If the planet is getting too hot - why don't they make more forests?"

Common sense the uncommon attribute.

The gentleman countered that people are intelligent.

No they are not.
They are stupid. They may be clever and may make I Phones. but not replanting the forests and limiting their family to 1 or 2 children -is Stupid.

Ignorant, stupid and selfish.


Even a 10 yr old can tell you to replant the forests - so why aren't those with power and money doing it?
Where are you Richard Bradson, Bill gates, Warren Buffet.
Will you do nothing?

The desert in Africa is expanding 50 miles a year.
The desert in China the same.
The Amazon is still being slashed and burned for cattle!!! (size of Belgium each year)

The patient is on life support and people are cutting the cord.

Intelligent?

I think not.

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Long known for its rich in color, vibrant coral communities, much of the Great Barrier Reef has been reduced to a murky shade of brown after a mass bleaching event gripped the ocean's corals.

Warmer ocean waters spurred by climate change are the main factor behind coral bleaching, which causes coral communities worldwide to release the algae that provided their color and food, scientists say. The corals that can’t cool down and find new algae fast enough die out and become a milky shade of white before they begin to decompose and attract turf algae, resulting in the shade of brown.

“Some people see coral bleached white and think it looks pretty. But this is what follows - it’s literally an attack of the slime,” World Wildlife Foundation (WWF) Australia spokesman Richard Leck told 9 News.

Just weeks after the bleaching, the corals took on a grisly appearance as they became covered with algae and their flesh began to decompose, 9 News reports.

(MORE: Stench From Dead Coral Reefs Stops Fish From Learning to Avoid Predators)

“I can’t even tell you how bad I smelt after the dive, the smell of rotting animals,” XL Catlin Seaview Survey executive director Richard Vevers told ABC News Online.

Recently NOAA reported that coral reef scientists estimate that mass bleaching has killed 35 percent of corals on the northern and central Great Barrier Reef.

“This year is the third time in 18 years that the Great Barrier Reef has experienced mass bleaching due to global warming, and the current event is much more extreme than we’ve measured before,” ARC Centre of Excellence for Coral Reef Studies director Terry Hughes said in a release. “These three events have all occurred while global temperatures have risen by just 1 degree C above the pre-industrial period. We’re rapidly running out of time to reduce greenhouse gas emissions.”

“This is a sad reminder of the impact of global warming,” said Leck.

The slideshow below shows the Great Barrier Reef’s corals before and after bleaching, and the shocking photos of them post-bleaching.

https://weather.com/photos/news/great-barrier-reef-coral-bleaching-death-algae-before-after

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Scientists claim ozone layer is healing

Scientists say they have found the first firm signs that the thinning ozone layer over the Antarctic is starting to heal.

The ozone hole was more than 4m square kilometres smaller in September last year than what it was in the year 2000, researchers say, an area nearly half the size of the US.

“We can now be confident that the things we’ve done have put the planet on a path to heal,” said Professor Susan Solomon of the Massachusetts Institute of Technology, lead author of a paper on the findings.



From the FT

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Hemp in construction

While cannabis has had a long history as a fiber used in ropes, sails and paper products — Presidents Washington and Jefferson both grew it — Mr. Savage is among a small number of entrepreneurs who have instead turned to a novel application known as hempcrete.
Hempcrete is made using the woody, balsalike interior of the Cannabis sativa plant (the fiber for textiles comes from the outer portion of the stalk) combined with lime and water. Though it lacks the structural stability its name might suggest, hempcrete does provide natural insulation that is airtight yet breathable and flexible. It is free from toxins, impervious to mold and pests, and virtually fireproof.
https://www.nytimes.com/2015/07/07/nyregion/cannabis-construction-entrepreneurs-use-hemp-in-home-building.html?_r=0
The material was developed in the 1980s in France, though it has roots going back centuries not only to homes as far away as Japan but also to Merovingian bridges in ancient Gaul.
Hempcrete has since caught on across Europe, where hemp cultivation was never criminalized. Hundreds of buildings now use hempcrete, including a seven-story office tower in France, a Marks and Spencer department store in the United Kingdom, and even a home built by Prince Charles.
https://www.kickstarter.com/projects/1642947129/hemphome-tiny
At the moment, all raw material must be imported, and last year Canada alone shipped $600 million of hemp to American businesses.
------------
Industrial hemp holds the potential to strengthen growing communities on reservations and rural areas, as the fibers and hurd from the hemp plant can reinforce traditional adobe and fiber reinforced concrete mixtures. In addition, one acre of hemp produces as much cellulose fiber pulp as 4.1 acres of trees, resulting in an excellent material to be used in the composites industry.
Hemp resin can be used as an additive in the creation of biodegradable polymers that help to reduce the problems of waste disposal associated with toxic materials. Biodegradable polymers can potentially be combined with plant fibers to produce biodegradable Eco-Composite materials. The reinforcement of these polymers by means of vegetable fibers improves their mechanical properties and opens up new fields of application within the construction industry with the use of techniques such as film stacking, injection molding, and press consolidation.
A mixture of hemp fibers and hurds subjected to extreme heat and pressure can be molded into a completely biodegradable material that possesses excellent thermal and acoustic capabilities, as well as being fire-resistant and competitive in mechanical characteristics (tensile and compressive strength) with modern materials that are produced with a petrochemical base. Many of these qualities have been extensively tested with techniques such as electron microscopy an analysis of crystallographic changes that occur within the organic biopolymer that exists within the hempen matrix.
Research in the area of biological renewable materials has shown that the main building blocks of life &endash; carbohydrates, fats, proteins, and their derivatives &endash; could be substitute products from the modern non-renewable resources. (Almost everything made from a hydrocarbon can be produced from a renewable carbohydrate.) The advantage of using a renewable resource as the root of our building industry can be seen as we assess the life cycle of the material through its growth harvest and production, as well as in the examination of the gases that are released into the environment (or household) after construction.
Resources

Conrad, Chris. "Hemp; Lifeline to the Future" Creative Expressions Publications. Los Angeles, California 1994.
Berman, Allen. "Your Naturally Healthy Home: Stylish, Safe, Simple" Rodale.
Pejis, Ton. International Conference on EcoComposites" Queen Mary University, London.
Hemp Industries Association. Occidental, California
Hemp World/Hemp Pages. Forestville, California 2000
Hemphasis.net ~ Hemp Building Material
---------
Hempcrete is a mixture of hemp hurds (shives) and lime (possibly including natural hydraulic lime,[1] sand, pozzolans or cement) used as a material for construction and insulation.[2] It is marketed under names like Hempcrete, Canobiote, Canosmose, and Isochanvre.[3] Hempcrete is easier to work with than traditional lime mixes and acts as an insulator and moisture regulator. It lacks the brittleness of concrete and consequently does not need expansion joints.[3]

The typical compressive strength is around 1 MPa,[4] around 1/20 that of residential grade concrete. Hempcrete walls must be used together with a frame of another material that supports the vertical load in building construction, as hempcrete's density is 15% that of traditional concrete.[5]

Like other plant products, the hemp crop absorbs carbon dioxide gas as it grows, retaining the carbon and releasing the oxygen. 165 kg of carbon can be theoretically absorbed and locked up by 1 m3 of hempcrete wall during manufacture.[6]

Limecrete, Ltd. (UK) reports a fire resistance rating of 1 hour per British/EU standards.[7]
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hempcrete
------------
Hempcrete Factsheet
Posted on 26/04/2014 by Tom Abbott

Hempcrete is a combination of chopped hemp shiv and binder comprising of natural hydraulic lime and a small amount of cement. It is firm and self insulating. Hempcrete is suitable for uses such as timber frame infill,
insulation and, with the addition of aggregate, floor slabs. Hemp is a renewable biomaterial and lime is an abundant quarried material.

Hempcrete regulates the temperature and humidity of a building; in some cases completely eliminating the need for heating and cooling systems, resulting in huge energy savings. Hempcrete is carbon negative and the obvious choice for buildings aiming to achieve a low carbon footprint and the highest sustainable building code levels.

Hemp has been grown in East Anglia for hundreds of years. The carbon trapped in the hemp offsets the carbon not only of the hemp production but also the residual carbon from the lime production after re-absorption of carbon as the lime cures.

Being breathable, hempcrete is ideal for use in historic buildings and modern buildings using natural materials. Breathable buildings bring benefits for the health and comfort of the occupants.
Hempcrete Factsheet - Essential hempcrete info - The Limecrete Company
------------
Canadian Greenfield Technologies Corp. (CGT), a bio-based construction materials company located in Calgary, AB, Canada, owned by Treestar Capital Corp., is a part of an expert, international-award winning, licensed engineering & manufacturing group, in business for almost 30 years. CGT is a sister company of (and founded by the same founders as) Cementec Industries Inc. – an industry leader in developing, manufacturing and supplying specialty, high value building materials to major, multi-billion dollar cement / concrete construction and oil & gas well cementing companies in Canada, USA and overseas.
Construction Materials - Canadian Greenfield

-------------companies making hemp-based building materials -----
The Hemp Company of Steve Allin in Ireland is known worldwide for its high quality hemp-based building materials. The official website Hempbuilding.com provides all the information about the hemp materials.

The Hemp Builders in Australia produce all types of hemp building materials from hemcrete plywood, bricks to flooring materials.

Wellington Polymer Technology Inc. based in Chatham, Ontario specializes in low-maintenance roofing product branded as "Enviroshake". The products are made from hemp, plastics and crumb rubber from tires.

Natural Building Technologies in England is a leader in high-insulation material made from hemp and recycled cotton fibers. The building materials are fire-proof and pest resistant. The products are sold under the label "Isonat".

How is Hemp used in Building?
------------

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Each year for the past few decades during the Southern Hemisphere spring, chemical reactions involving chlorine and bromine cause ozone in the southern polar region to be destroyed rapidly and severely. This depleted region is known as the “ozone hole”.

The area of the ozone hole is determined from a map of total column ozone. It is calculated from the area on the Earth that is enclosed by a line with a constant value of 220 Dobson Units. The value of 220 Dobson Units is chosen since total ozone values of less than 220 Dobson Units were not found in the historic observations over Antarctica prior to 1979. Also, from direct measurements over Antarctica, a column ozone level of less than 220 Dobson Units is a result of the ozone loss from chlorine and bromine compounds.

Ozone is a colorless gas. Chemically, ozone is very active; it reacts readily with a great many other substances. Near the Earth’s surface, those reactions cause rubber to crack, hurt plant life, and damage people’s lung tissues. But ozone also absorbs harmful components of sunlight, known as “ultraviolet B”, or “UV-B”. High above the surface, above even the weather systems, a tenuous layer of ozone gas absorbs UV-B, protecting living things below.




Ozone Hole Watch: Latest status of Antarctic ozone

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We should find a way to extract heat from the ocean create clean energy.

Ideas anyone?

------The news from coral surveys south of the popular tourist city of Cairns was bleak, with about 5 percent of corals found dead or dying. But that was some 10 times better than the doom that befell reefs further north.

Corals south of Cairns appear to have been saved by the happenstance trajectory of a February cyclone, which washed them with cooler waters and churned up the sea. That protected them from the high temperatures and searing exposure to UV rays that killed so many of their cousins further north.

“We dodged a bullet in the central portion of the reef this time, but no guarantees that will occur again,” Pandolfi said. “Nature is an incredibly complex place, and it’s very difficult to predict how future bleaching might play out.”

The discovery of the collapse of sweeping sections of corals was viewed by scientists with so much urgency that they were not put through peer review before highlights were released to the media on Monday. James Cook University, which led the surveys, declined to provide detailed information about the sampling methods or analysis, making it difficult for journalists or other scientists to evaluate or interpret the findings.

“The research is publicly funded,” James Cook professor Terry Hughes said. “I released our mortality results because, as a scientist, I’m ethically obliged to inform people on an issue of national and international importance.”

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Every year during Zambia’s dry season that lasts from around April to November, river levels drop, forcing herds of hippos into increasingly crowded pools during the heat of the day. A regional drought that’s the worst in 35 years has also increased competition over nocturnal grazing, meaning the beasts have to roam further to find food.

Hippos Are No Longer on Zambian Menus as Anthrax Threat Rises - Bloomberg

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Industrial air pollution — bad for people’s health, bad for the planet — is strikingly concentrated in America among a small number of facilities like those in southwest Indiana, according to a nine-month Center for Public Integrity investigation.

The Center, which merged two federal datasets to create an unprecedented picture of air emissions, found that a third of the toxic air releases in 2014 from power plants, factories and other facilities came from just 100 complexes out of more than 20,000 reporting to the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency. A third of the greenhouse-gas emissions reported by industrial sites came from just 100, too. Some academics have a name for them: super polluters.

Twenty-two sites appeared on both lists. They include ExxonMobil’s massive refinery and petrochemical complex in Baytown, Texas, and a slew of coal-fired power plants, from FirstEnergy’s Harrison in West Virginia to Conemaugh in Pennsylvania, owned by companies including NRG Energy and PSEG. Four are in a single region — southwest Indiana. Together, owners of these 22 sites reported profits in excess of $58 billion in 2014.

Thomas O. McGarity, a law professor and regulatory scholar at the University of Texas at Austin, said the Center’s findings show that “a lot of the problem is isolated, and what we need to do is focus in on these plants.”

The EPA says it’s doing that. In a written statement, the agency said its sustained emphasis on the electric power sector has led to “dramatically” lower emissions from power plants since 1990 — “while the U.S. economy has continued to grow” — and it is working to get further improvements.

But not all the states are on board. Indiana is one of 27 suing the EPA over its Clean Power Plan, which would require reductions in climate-altering greenhouse-gas pollution from electric utilities. Indiana is also among the states that tried to block a federal rule to reduce emissions of dangerous metals and acid gases from coal- and oil-fired power plants. Its governor, Mike Pence — Donald Trump’s running mate — is a pro-coal, climate-change skeptic who says the costs of shifting to cleaner energy sources are too high.

Maintaining the status quo has costs as well: bad air that threatens health and fuels global warming. More toxic pollution from utility coal plants was sent into the air within 30 miles of Evansville than around any other mid-sized or large American city in 2014, a Center analysis shows. That same 30-mile radius accounted for the most greenhouse gases released by U.S. coal plants that year around any city.

Mike Pence — Donald Trump’s running mate — says the costs of shifting to cleaner energy sources are too high.

Across the country, the top 100 facilities releasing greenhouse gases — almost all of them coal plants — collectively added more than a billion metric tons to the atmosphere in 2014. That’s the equivalent of a year’s worth of such emissions from 219 million passenger vehicles — nearly twice as many as the total number registered nationwide.

The top 100 for toxic air emissions vented more than 270 million pounds of chemicals in 2014. The vast majority of these chemicals have known health risks, according to the EPA; they can target the lungs, the brain or other organs, and some can affect the development of children born and unborn.

Eight of the super polluters have closed. The rest, including all four in Indiana, still operate.

Tina Dearing, 48, with 8-year-old daughter Maleah. Dearing believes air pollution contributed to her husband’s fatal heart attack.
Credit: Jamie Smith Hopkins / The Center for Public Integrity

Tina Dearing, 48, from Huntingburg, Indiana, was unexpectedly widowed in March when her 57-year-old husband died of a heart attack. Coronary artery disease, the death certificate says. Two months later, researchers published the results of a 10-year study that showed why previous investigations kept finding shorter lifespans in areas with poorer air quality: pollution appears to accelerate harmful deposits in the arteries that cause nearly all heart attacks and most strokes.

Dearing’s family lives northeast of Evansville in a community within 30 miles of two of Indiana’s largest coal plants. She knows a variety of factors can play a role in an early death, but believes dirty air contributed in her husband’s case.

“The air quality stinks,” she said.

The Center, which relied on the EPA’s most recent final Toxics Release Inventory data to track total chemical releases, found that the people who live within three miles of the top 100 polluters are in some ways a cross-section of America: spread across half the states, all races, young and old, in a wide range of income brackets.

Hyper-polluters “disproportionately expose communities of color and low income populations to chemical releases.”

But more of them are poor or African-American than the country as a whole, data from the U.S. Census Bureau show. For instance, nearly 90 percent of the thousands living within three miles of ExxonMobil’s refinery and chemical plant in Baton Rouge, Louisiana, are black and about a third are below the poverty line. The complex, which ExxonMobil said has reduced total emissions over 40 percent since 1990, released more than 2.6 million pounds of chemicals to the air in 2014, including hydrogen cyanide — which can cause headaches, confusion and nausea — and known carcinogens such as benzene.

Mary B. Collins with the State University of New York College of Environmental Science and Forestry and two other researchers found similar disparities in a sophisticated analysis this year, writing that “there exists a class of hyper-polluters — the worst-of-the-worst — that disproportionately expose communities of color and low income populations to chemical releases.”

While people nearby are the most affected, these facilities can degrade air far afield. Almost all the states with top toxic-air emitters send a significant amount of pollution to downwind states, according to EPA analyses — in some cases reaching people hundreds of miles away.

Some of the companies that own the nation’s biggest polluters say their emissions break no rules and are simply a reflection of a facility’s size. Others point out that they’ve ratcheted down releases in recent years, including after 2014. FirstEnergy said it has shuttered coal plants accounting for more than 5,000 megawatts of power generation since 2012.

NRG, which owns or co-owns several coal plants on the top-100 lists, said its toxic air emissions are falling, including a sharp drop in mercury in 2015 to comply with new federal regulations, and it has set aggressive climate goals — a 50-percent cut in greenhouse gases by 2030, 90 percent by 2050 — that would mean a major overhaul in the way it makes power.

“Things can’t continue on the same path as they have for decades,” Bruno Sarda, NRG’s chief sustainability officer, said of businesses worldwide. “More and more of our new revenue is coming from much lower-carbon sources.”

“Things can’t continue on the same path as they have for decades.”

But coal is far from dead in America. And the tug-of-war over the future of electric power generation will affect everyone, some more than others. The influential utility industry. Blue-collar energy workers, from coal miners to solar-panel installers. Neighbors of coal plants. Electricity customers. People suffering from the lengthening pollen season, dangerous heat waves, devastating floods and other effects of global warming.

To watch this unfold, come to one of the biggest coal-burning states, a place with no renewable-energy requirements. No mandatory energy-efficiency targets to cut back on unnecessary, money-wasting usage. No contingency plan for climate-change repercussions, which so worried local university researchers that a group of them sent a letter to the governor last fall pleading with him to call on their expertise — a letter that went unanswered.

Come to Indiana.

Super Polluters - Super Polluters

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source:
Global Warming Nears Tipping Point - Bloomberg

Global temperatures continue to shatter records this year, rising to within less than one degree of the level that scientists say would be catastrophic, according to the United Nations.

During the first nine months of the year, temperatures were 1.2 degrees Celsius (2.16 degrees Fahrenheit) above those recorded at the end of the 1800s, the UN’s World Meteorological Organization said in a report Monday. If the Earth warms more than 2 degrees beyond those pre-industrial levels, scientists have warned that climate change could hit an irreversible tipping point, unleashing a torrent of floods, droughts and storms.



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