The underlying instruments are very different, so your synthetic spread will also behave very differently.
The price of a futures contract is ... its price.
The price of an option has multiple components, according the volatility of the underlying instrument, its expiration date, strike price, ...
Usually in trading, those who know don't talk, and those who talk don't know. (Al Brooks)
success requires no deodorant! (Sun Tzu)
Calendar spreads typically applied to physical commodities where prices could vary due to supply/demand, storage, cot of carry(warehouse cost), etc
There are only 2 types of trades you can apply: buy the near buy month and sell the deferred month which is a bull spread or do vice versa which is bear spread. The difference between the two is your gain/loss.
Option calendar spreads capitalize on expiration and as mentioned above on volatility of the instrument you are trading. So you really "play" volatility and time as oppose to direction only.
From the nature of your question, and the nature of my answer I am sure you are still scratching your head, but it's ok, we all start somewhere.
If you lack experience in trading, start with directional trading and figuring out if it going up or down before you get into "exotics".
PM with any questions about optimusfutures (800) 771-6748 (561) 367 8686. THERE IS A SUBSTANTIAL RISK OF LOSS IN FUTURES TRADING.